Artificial Intelligence with 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processor

The 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor provides scalable performance for the widest variety of datacenter workloads – including deep learning. The new 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor platform offers built-in Return on Investment (ROI), potent performance and production-ready support for AI deployments.

In our smart and connected world, machines are increasingly learning to sense, reason, act, and adapt in the real world. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the next big wave of computing, and Intel uniquely has the experience to fuel the AI computing era. AI will let us accelerate solutions to large-scale problems that would otherwise take months, years, or decades to resolve.

AI will unleash new scientific discoveries, automate undesirable tasks and extend our human senses and capabilities. Today, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) are two underlying approaches to AI, as are reasoning-based systems.

Deep learning is the most rapidly emerging branch of machine learning, in many cases supplanting classic ML, relying on massive labeled data sets to iteratively “train” many-layered neural networks inspired by the human brain. Trained neural networks are used to “infer” the meaning of new data, with increased speed and accuracy for processes like image search, speech recognition, natural language processing, and other complex tasks.

The 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors take AI performance to the next level with Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost), a new set of embedded processor technologies designed to accelerate AI deep learning use cases such as image recognition, object detection, speech recognition, language translation, and others. It extends Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 512 (Intel® AVX-512) with a new Vector Neural Network Instruction (VNNI) that significantly increases deep learning inference performance over previous generations. With 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processors and Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost), we project that image recognition with Intel optimized Caffe ResNet-50 can perform up to 14x1 faster than on prior generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors (at launch, July 2017).

Here we present some AI workloads showing advanced inference performance with the 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors family.

All performance measurements are accurate as of April 2, 2019.1 2 3 4

ResNet-50 performance with Intel® Optimization for Caffe*

Designed for high performance computing, advanced artificial intelligence and analytics, and high density infrastructures Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9200 processors deliver breakthrough levels of performance. Using Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost) combined with Intel optimized Caffe, new breakthrough levels of performance can be achieved. Here we show the throughput on an image classification topology – ResNet-50 on the 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon Scalable processor.

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Configuration Details

Max Inference throughput at <7ms

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280(28 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0348.011820191451, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=10, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8; latency: 6.16 ms.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242(48 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0403.022020190327, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS= 8, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 4 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8; latency: 6.90 ms.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. DL Inference: Platform: Dragon rock 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282(56 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0241.112020180249, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=12, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 4 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8; latency: 6.91 ms.

Max Inference throughput

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280(28 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0348.011820191451, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=10, syntheticData:3x224x224, 14 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242(48 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0403.022020190327, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=8, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 24 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. DL Inference: Platform: Dragon rock 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282(56 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0241.112020180249, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe*
version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=8, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 28 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8.

BKMs for running multi-stream configurations on Xeon: https://www.intel.ai/wp-content/uploads/sites/69/TensorFlow_Best_Practices_Intel_Xeon_AI-HPC_v1.1_Q119.pdf

ResNet-50 Inference Throughput Performance

Inference () generally happens instantaneously at the edge or in the data center, such as when a new photo is uploaded for inspection. For inference throughput TCO is really critical. Inference output can be fed into a number of different usages including – a dashboard for visualization or a decision tree for automatic decision making. Here we show inference throughput on an image database using multiple popular deep learning frameworks such as Caffe, TensorFlow, Pytorch, and MxNet with the ResNet-50 topology.

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Configuration Details

3.0x performance boost with MxNet on ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py, BS=64, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.12% accuracy loss ,Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py, BS=64, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

3.7x performance boost with Pytorch ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 2/25/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda INTEL SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Pytorch with ONNX/Caffe2 backend: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit: 4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), ResNet-50: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/master/pytorch, BS=512, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.6% accuracy loss; Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 2/25/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit:4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Red Hat 5.3.1-6) 5.3.1 20160406, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), ResNet-50: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/master/pytorch, BS=512, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

3.9x performance boost with TensorFlow ResNet-50:Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet50, (commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642) BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.45% accuracy loss Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + PR25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet50 , (commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642) BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

4.0x performance boost with Intel® Optimization for Caffe* ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 2/20/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda INTEL SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=64, syntheticData, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 2/21/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/benchmark/resnet_50/deploy.prototxt, BS=64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

Inference Throughput Performance

The 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors are built specifically to run high-performance AI and IoT workloads on the same hardware as other existing workloads. Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost) can benefit many inference applications ranging from recommendation systems, Object detection and image recognition and classification. Here we show inference throughput for image classification, object detection and a recommendation system. Multiple frameworks are used including TensorFlow*, Caffe2 and MxNet* and multiple topologies such as ResNet-101, Inception v3, RETINANET*, SSD-VGG16 and Wide and Deep.

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Configuration Details

4.0x performance boost with TensorFlow ResNet-101: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming), Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet101 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.58% accuracy loss Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet101 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

3.8x performance boost with MxNet ResNet 101: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit: da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9 , Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py ,BS= 64, Synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.56% accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet: https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit: da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py ,BS= 64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype:FP32

3.1x performance boost with TensorFlow Inception v3: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming), Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Inception v3 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/inceptionv3 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Inception v3 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/inceptionv3 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

2.6x performance boost with PyTorch RetinaNet: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda INTEL SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Pytorch with ONNX/Caffe2 backend: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit: 4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), RetinaNet: https://github.com/intel/Detectron/blob/master/configs/12_2017_baselines/retinanet_R-101-FPN_1x.yaml BS=1, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.003mAP accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Pytorch with ONNX/Caffe2 backend: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit: 4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), RetinaNet: https://github.com/intel/Detectron/blob/master/configs/12_2017_baselines/retinanet_R-101-FPN_1x.yaml, BS=1, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

2.5x performance boost with MxNet SSD-VGG16: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, SSD-VGG16: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/example/ssd/symbol/vgg16_reduced.py ,BS= 224, Synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.0001 mAP accuracy loss , Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, SSD-VGG16: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/example/ssd/symbol/vgg16_reduced.py ,BS= 224, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype:FP32

2.2x performance boost with Intel® Optimized Caffe on SSD-Mobilenet v1: Tested by Intel as of 2/20/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda Intel® SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/ssd_mobilenet_int8.prototxt, BS=64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.0096 mAP accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 2/21/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/ssd_mobilenet_int8.prototxt, BS=64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

2.1x performance boost with TensorFlow on Wide & Deep: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git 3262818d9d8f9f630f04df23033032d39a7a413 + Pull Request PR26169 + Pull Request PR26261 + Pull Request PR26271 , PR submitted for upstreaming, Compiler:gcc 6.3.1,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Wide & Deep: https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/benchmarks/recommendation/tensorflow/wide_deep_large_ds commit: a044cb3e7d2b082aebae2edbe6435e57a2cc1f8f ,BS=512, Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.007% accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git 3262818d9d8f9f630f04df23033032d39a7a413 + Pull Request PR26169 + Pull Request PR26261 + Pull Request PR26271 , PR submitted for upstreaming, Compiler:gcc 6.3.1,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Wide & Deep:https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/benchmarks/recommendation/tensorflow/wide_deep_large_ds a044cb3e7d2b082aebae2edbe6435e57a2cc1f8f, BS= 512, Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, 2 instance/2 socket,Datatype:FP32

2.1x performance boost with MXNet Wide & Deep: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280L processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0348.011820191451 (ucode:0x5000017), CentOS 7.6, Kernel 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, SSD 1x INTEL SSDSC2KG96 960GB, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MXNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit f1de8e51999ce3acaa95538d21a91fe43a0286ec applying https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/blob/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo/patch.diff, Compiler: gcc 6.3.1, MKL DNN version: commit: 08bd90cca77683dd5d1c98068cea8b92ed05784, Wide & Deep: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo commit: c3e7cbde4209c3657ecb6c9a142f71c3672654a5, Dataset: Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, Batch Size=1024, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.23% accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757 (ucode:0x2000057), CentOS 7.6, Kernel 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, SSD 1x INTEL SSDSC2KG96 960GB, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MXNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit f1de8e51999ce3acaa95538d21a91fe43a0286ec applying https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/blob/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo/patch.diff, Compiler: gcc 6.3.1, MKL DNN version: commit: 08bd90cca77683dd5d1c98068cea8b92ed05784, Wide & Deep: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo commit: c3e7cbde4209c3657ecb6c9a142f71c3672654a5, Dataset: Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, Batch Size=1024, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype:FP32

Intel® OpenVINO™ Inference Throughput Performance

AI at the edge is opening up new possibilities in every industry, from predicting machine failures to personalizing retail. With the OpenVINO™ toolkit, businesses can take advantage of near real-time insights to help make better decisions, faster. The OpenVINO™ toolkit allows your business to implement computer vision and deep learning solutions quickly and effectively across multiple applications.

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Configuration Details

2.4x performance boost with OpenVino™ on SqueezeNet v1.1: Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5.01, SqueezeNet v1.1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, BS=64, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), SqueezeNet v1.1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml ,Imagenet images , 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32 (BS=16)

3.1x performance boost with OpenVino™ on MobileNet v1: Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5.01, MobileNet v1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, BS=64, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), MobileNet v1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32 (BS=16)

3.2x performance boost with OpenVino™ on Inception v4 :Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5.01, Inception v4: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, BS=128, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), Inception v4: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32 (BS=16)

3.9x performance boost with OpenVino™ ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154 , AIXPRT CP (Community Preview) benchmark (https://www.principledtechnologies.com/benchmarkxprt/aixprt/) BS=64, Imagenet images, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), AIXPRT CP (Community Preview) benchmark (https://www.principledtechnologies.com/benchmarkxprt/aixprt/) BS=64, Imagenet images, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

Ürün ve Performans Bilgileri

1

Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost) ile Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 işlemcide 30 kata kadar çıkarsama iş hacmi artışı: Intel tarafından 26.02.2019 tarihinden itibaren test edilmiştir. Platform: Dragon rock 2 yuvalı Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 işlemci (yuva başına 56 çekirdek), HT AÇIK, Turbo AÇIK, Toplam Bellek 768 GB (24 yuva/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS:SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0241.112020180249, CentOS 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Derin Öğrenme Çerçevesi: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* sürümü: https://github.com/intel/caffe d554cbf1, ICC 2019.2.187, MKL DNN sürümü: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=64, Veri katmanı yok syntheticData: 3x224x224, 56 olay/2 yuva, Veri türü: INT8 Intel tarafından 11 Temmuz 2017 tarihinde test edilmiştir: Karşılaştırılan sistem: 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 işlemci CPU 2,50 GHz'de (28 çekirdek), HT devre dışı, turbo devre dışı, ölçeklendirme düzenleyicisi intel_pstate sürücü ile "performans" modunda ayarlı, 384 GB DDR4-2666 ECC RAM. CentOS Linux* sürüm 7.3.1611 (Core), Linux* kernel 3.10.0-514.10.2.el7.x86_64. SSD: Intel® SSD Veri Merkezi S3700 Serisi (800 GB, 2,5 inç SATA 6 GB/sn, 25 nm, MLC). Performans ölçümü değerleri: Çevresel değişkenler: KMP_AFFINITY='granularity=fine, compact‘, OMP_NUM_THREADS=56, CPU frekansı CPU Gücü frequency-set -d 2,5G -u 3,8G -g performans ile ayarlanmıştır. Caffe: (http://github.com/intel/caffe/), revizyon f96b759f71b2281835f690af267158b82b150b5c. Çıkarsama "caffe time --forward_only" komutuyla, öğretim "caffe time" komutuyla ölçülmüştür. "ConvNet" topolojileri için sentetik veri kümesi kullanıldı. Diğer topolojiler için veriler yerel depolama alanında depolandı ve öğretimden önce bellekte önbelleğe alındı. Topoloji teknik özellikleri: https://github.com/intel/caffe/tree/master/models/intel_optimized_models(ResNet-50). Intel® C++ Compiler sürüm 17.0.2 20170213, Intel® Math Kernel Library (Intel® MKL) küçük kitaplıklar sürümü 2018.0.20170425. Caffe, "numactl -l" ile çalıştırıldı.

2

Performans sonuçları yapılandırılmalarda gösterilen tarihlerden itibaren yapılan testlere dayalıdır ve genel kullanıma açık tüm güvenlik güncellemelerini içermeyebilir. Ayrıntılar için yapılandırma bilgilerine göz atın. Hiçbir ürün veya bileşen mutlak güvenlik sağlayamaz.

3

Performans testlerinde kullanılan yazılımlar ve iş yükleri yalnızca Intel® mikroişlemcilerde performans sağlayacak şekilde optimize edilmiş olabilir. SYSmark* ve MobileMark* gibi performans testleri; belirli bilgisayar sistemleri, bileşenleri, yazılımları, işlemleri ve işlevleri kullanılarak değerlendirilir. Bu etkenlerden herhangi birinde yapılacak bir değişiklik, sonuçların da değişmesine neden olabilir. Satın almayı düşündüğünüz ürünler hakkında tam bir değerlendirme yapabilmek için bu ürünlerin başka ürünlerle birlikte gösterdiği performans gibi başka bilgilere ve performans testlerine de başvurmanız gerekir. Daha fazla bilgi için www.intel.com.tr/benchmarks sayfasına bakın.

4

Optimizasyon Uyarısı: Intel'in derleyicileri, Intel® mikroişlemcilere özel olmayan optimizasyonlarda, Intel dışındaki mikroişlemcilerle aynı derecede optimize edilmiş olabilirler ya da olmayabilirler. Bu optimizasyonlar, Intel® Streaming SIMD Extensions 2 (Intel® SSE2), Intel® SSE3 ve Supplemental Streaming SIMD Extensions 3 (SSSE3) talimatları ve diğer optimizasyonlardan oluşur. Intel, Intel tarafından üretilmeyen mikroişlemcilerde uygulanan herhangi bir optimizasyonun kullanılabilirliğini, işlevselliğini ya da verimliliğini garanti etmez. Bu üründeki mikroişlemcilere bağlı optimizasyonlar, Intel mikroişlemcilerde kullanılmak üzere tasarlanmıştır. Intel® mikromimarisine özgü olmayan bazı optimizasyonlar, Intel mikroişlemciler için ayrılmıştır. Bu uyarı kapsamında yer alan özel yönerge setleri hakkında daha fazla bilgi almak için uygun ürün Kullanıcı ve Başvuru Kılavuzlarını okuyun. Uyarı Revizyon no 20110804.